The South African Nationwide Defence Drive (SANDF) has a spread of highly effective armoured autos and plane at its disposal.
Following the power’s deployment to elements of Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal final week, a number of movies surfaced on social media during which a few of these may very well be seen transporting troopers and patrolling roads in looting hotspots.
The principle producer of SANDF’s weaponry and autos, Denel, faces a severe financial crisis threatening its potential to proceed supplying armaments to the power.
Fortuitously, the army has a number of tanks, armoured autos, jets, and helicopters used and maintained for a few years.
Most of those have been aptly named after South African animals, most frequently primarily based on their look or talents.
We’ve assembled a listing of a number of the most noteworthy armoured and/or weaponised floor and air autos utilized by SANDF.
Normal-purpose autos equivalent to vehicles and aeroplanes primarily used for utility haven’t been added to the checklist.
Weapon techniques that aren’t self-propelled, equivalent to artillery weapons that require towing, had been additionally excluded.
- Goal: Major battle tank
- Amount: 172
- Designer: OMC Engineering
- First 12 months of service: Late Nineteen Seventies
The one true tank within the SANDF armoury is the Olifant, a closely modified and modernised model of the Centurion tank, which was the primary battle tank utilized by the British forces throughout World Conflict II.
The newest model boasts a 105mm L7 cannon, 7.62mm general-purpose co-axial machine gun, and a 7.62mm anti-aircraft machine gun along with a hand-held laser rangefinder and picture intensifier.
Denel has additionally developed a predominant battle tank turret that may be fitted to the Olifant to assist a GT8 105mm or 120mm smoothbore gun.
The tank is powered by a V12 turbo diesel engine that gives 900 horsepower and a most pace of 58km/h.
Most of the Olifants have been deemed unserviceable, and the fleet is about to get replaced as a part of Mission Aorta.
- Goal: Armoured reconnaissance car
- Amount: 240
- Designer: Denel
- First 12 months of service: 1994
Though it boasts an imposing 76mm high-velocity predominant gun, it doesn’t run on tracks, so the Rooikat isn’t thought-about a tank.
Nonetheless, the eight-wheeled armoured reconnaissance car can deal with engagements with tanks on the battlefield.
The SANDF now makes use of it on aggressive search-and-destroy missions and for its anti-tank and hearth assist capabilities.
These had been the autos lately noticed on the streets of Durban following the deployment of the SANDF.
Ratel/Honey Badger IFV
- Goal: Infantry combating car
- Amount: 1,200 – 534 in stock, 666 in reserve
- Designer: Springfield Büssing
- First 12 months of service: 1978
There’s a good motive the Ratel is known as after what many think about to be considered one of Africa’s hardest animals — the honey badger.
It was the primary wheeled infantry combating car to enter service worldwide.
Many variants have been developed, with modifications to weaponry and different options primarily based on the aim of the car.
Along with a predominant turret, missile or mortar launcher, it will possibly assist a 7.62 mm Browning M1919 machine gun in a coaxial, rear ring, or turret roof setup.
The Ratel attracts its energy from a six-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with 275 horsepower and may hit a prime pace of 105km/h.
- Goal: Modifiable multi-role army car
- Amount: 238 ordered (decreased from 264)
- Designer: Patria Land Methods/Denel
- First 12 months of service: TBD
The Badger IFV is a variant of the 8×8 wheeled Patria armoured modular car developed by Finnish firm Patria Land Methods.
Denel is presently constructing it as a part of Operation Hoefyster to switch the ageing Ratel fleet.
The Badger will probably be obtainable in part, command, mortar, missile, and hearth assist fashions.
It comes with a modular fight turret (MCT) system, which might combine weapon modules just like the 30mm externally-driven cam-operated cannon, 60mm breech-loading long-range mortar, a 12.7mm machine gun, or an anti-tank missile system.
A Scania DC13 turbocharged diesel engine permits the Badger to achieve a most pace of 108km/h.
- Goal: Armoured personnel service
- Amount: 444 in service
- Designer: Reumech OMC
- First 12 months of service: 1990
The four-wheeled Mamba is meant for border safety and inner safety functions and is designed to be mine and blast-proof.
The Mamba has a capability for as much as 10 passengers, excluding the driving force.
It comes with a roof hatch that enables a gunner to entry the weapon mount, supporting a 12.7 mm machine gun.
Mambas have additionally been deployed on peacekeeping missions by the United Nations and African Union all through Africa.
- Goal: Mine resistant ambush protected car
- Amount: 370
- Designer/producer: CSIR/Henred Fruehauf
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 1980
The four-wheel ambush-protected troop service was designed by the Defence Analysis Unit (DRU) of the CSIR to guard troopers in opposition to landmines in the course of the Border Conflict.
It might probably face up to a triple mine blast equal to the power of a 21 kg TNT explosion beneath a wheel or a double blast equal to 14 kg of TNT beneath its V-bottomed armoured hull.
When it comes to weapons, it may be fitted with a triple setup of seven.62mm machine weapons or a 20mm cannon.
There are additionally 20 firing ports from which troops within the car can hearth.
The infantry mobility car (IMV) proved so efficient that a number of different nations — together with america — have constructed or ordered their very own.
South Africans usually mistake the armoured RG-12 Nyala, generally utilized by the South African Police Service throughout protests, with the Casspir.
- Goal: Lengthy-range artillery strikes
- Amount: 43
- Designer: Lyttelton Engineering Works
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 1988
The G6 Rhino is a mine-protected self-propelled howitzer that may bombard targets with 155mm G5 rounds at ranges between 3km and 73km.
Its six-wheeled armoured chassis is powered by a 525 horsepower engine that enables it to journey at speeds of as much as 90km/h or 70km/h off-road.
Paired with a large 700-litre tank that may present a 700km vary, the Rhino can shortly transfer to a brand new place to keep away from retaliation from enemies.
- Goal: Navy personnel and cargo service
- Amount: 6 in service, most 2 at a time
- Designer: Lockheed Martin
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 1963
Lockheed’s C-130 Hercules is the world’s longest repeatedly produced army plane and maybe one of the vital simply recognisable, as 68 nations presently use it.
Greater than 2,500 had been constructed as of 2015, of which South Africa has bought or acquired a minimum of 15 since 1963.
The aircraft was initially supposed as a personnel and cargo service.
Its versatile airframe has allowed it to be tailored to different roles, together with as a gunship, scientific analysis assist, climate reconnaissance, mid-air refuelling, and search and rescue missions.
In line with the most recent information from SANDF, solely two of the C-130BZ planes may be operated at any given time by the South African Air Drive (SAAF) 28 Squadron.
These planes have been flying forwards and backwards quite a few occasions between Waterkloof Airbase in Pretoria and KwaZulu-Natal to deploy troopers.
The aircraft was generally known as the “Flossie” in the course of the Border Conflict, supposedly after the spouse of a flight engineer on the time.
- Goal: Superior mild fighter plane
- Amount: 26
- Designer: Saab AB
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 2010
The Gripen is a single-engine mild fighter jet initially developed in the course of the Chilly Conflict by Swedish aerospace firm Saab AB as a brand new plane that might combat within the air, assault floor and sea-based enemies, and carry out reconnaissance missions.
SAAF’s hangars maintain two distinct fashions — the single-seater Gripen C and two-seater Gripen D.
The Gripen can carry varied armaments, together with air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and anti-ship missiles.
The only-seater variant additionally gives a single 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon.
The Gripen has a prime pace of two,470km/h, with a fight radius and ferry vary of the plane of 800km and three,200km, respectively.
Hawk Mk 120
- Goal: Coaching
- Amount: 23
- Designer: BAE Methods/Denel
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 2006
The Hawk Mk 120 is primarily used as a lead-in fighter coach aircraft within the SAAF, changing the ageing Atlas Impalas, which had been used between the late Nineteen Sixties and early Nineties.
These planes are maybe greatest identified for his or her use by the Royal Air Drive’s Pink Arrows show crew.
This superior coach incorporates a tandem cockpit, a low-mounted cantilever wing, and a single Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour turbofan engine.
The Hawk was designed with manoeuvrability entrance and centre.
It might probably attain Mach 0.88 in degree flight and Mach 1.15 in a dive, which permits trainee pilots to expertise transonic flight earlier than progressing to supersonic coaching.
- Goal: Utility helicopter for transporting gear and troopers
- Amount: 44
- Designer: Atlas Plane Company (now Denel)
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 1987
The Atlas Oryx is predicated on the Aerospatiale Puma, a preferred helicopter utilized by the South African Defence Drive.
When the necessity arose to enhance the Puma’s capabilities, the federal government couldn’t import new helicopters because of the arms embargo positioned on the nation for its Apartheid coverage.
The Atlas Plane Company developed upgrades that included a lighter however extra rugged airframe which improved efficiency and working prices.
Oryx helicopters are usually outfitted with a 50m hydraulic hoist to be used by as much as two private in rescue operations.
The cargo bay can even assist a big steel A-frame from which as much as 4 personnel can rappel or abseil from the plane concurrently.
- Goal: Assault helicopter
- Amount: 16
- Designer: Denel Aviation
- First 12 months of service in South Africa: 2011
Bearing a placing resemblance to the famend US Apache assault helicopter, the two-seater Rooivalk’s improvement started together with the Oryx and was additionally primarily based on the Puma.
This time round, nonetheless, the main target was on assault capabilities moderately than utility.
The Rooivalk is usually fitted with a nose-mounted 20mm cannon however can even carry air-to-air missiles and anti-armour missiles, in addition to unguided rockets.
It incorporates a stealth-oriented design, digital countermeasures, and difficult armour to defend itself from an assault on the battlefield.
The helicopter is reputed for its aerobatic capabilities and has a prime pace of 309km/h.